If you need cash, and fast, you may be considering going to a pawnshop. A pawnshop gives you money for your valuables; then later when you repay your debt on time, you immediately get your goods back. A pawnshop loan might not be a bad idea, as long as you wouldn't be devastated by losing the item you pawn or you can pay back your debt within 6 months (typical pawnshop loan length).
Pawnshop loans are relatively expensive, but they are usually a cheaper way to get funds than using a payday lender; and a credit card may not be the best option, especially if you have poor credit. Pawnshops are more common in the UK than you might realize. There are more than 1,200 pawnshop outlets as members of the National Pawnshop Association (NPA), scattered around the country in both big cities and small towns.
Borrowing Money in Exchange for Your Valuables
Dealing with a pawnbroker is quite straightforward. Bring your valuable(s) to a pawnshop where a broker will value your product and give you a loan. Typically, a pawnbroker will offer a loan up to 60% of the second-hand value of your item(s). Besides bringing your valuables to the pawn shop, you'll also need a form of ID and proof of address, for instance a passport, national ID card, driving licence, utility bill, or bank statement.
Expect to complete a loan application and receive a Pre Contract Information (SECCI) that highlights the terms of the agreement (including a 14-day cooling off period). Remember, this is a loan - you are not selling your valuables to the shop. Instead, they hold the valuables as collateral for the loan, in case you don't pay it back. Typically, you have 6 - 7 months to pay the loan back, although you can pay it back even sooner if you have the money to do so, which will save you interest payments.
Average Cost of Pawnshops in the UK
Exchanging valuables for a loan will typically cost between 5% and 10% per month, so expect to pay the equivalent of an APR of 80% to 200%, or more—extremely high compared to the average APR on a credit card. For example, a customer who needs money pawns their gold ring (the most commonly pawned item) at a local shop. The pawnshop gives the ring a second-hand value of £167, offering a six-month loan of 60% of the value or £100 with an interest rate of 7% per month.
At the end of six months, the customer returns to pay back the loan (plus interest) and retrieve their gold ring. The amount owed would be the original £100 loan plus interest of £42 (we calculate the total interest due as 6 months times the monthly interest charge of £7 per month).
|Interest on a 6-Month, £100 loan at 7%|
|Monthly Interest||£100 times 7%||£7|
|Total Interest||£7 times 6 months||£42|
What Happens if You Can't Pay Back the Loan in Six Months?
If you don't have money to pay your debt at the end of the agreement (usually 6 -7 months), then you don't get your valuables back.
If you borrowed less than £75 then the pawnbroker gets ownership, and will keep all proceeds of a sale. If you borrowed more than £75, then the pawnshop can sell your goods - if they can sell it for more than the amount you owe them (including interest and any other costs, such as auction costs) then you get the difference. If the original loan was for more than £100, then the pawnbroker must notify you in advance before they sell it. In close to 90% of pawnshop loans, the customer pays back the money owed and takes back possession of their valuables.
Pawnshop vs Credit Card
If you need funds, a credit card can be a cheaper way to borrow money than a pawnshop loan. The market in 0% balance transfer and purchase cards is booming, so there is no shortage of cards to choose from. However, there are other factors to consider.
If time is of the essence, a pawnshop loan provides funds faster than taking out a new credit card. You can offer your valuables and have cash in your hand within hours. Also, those with poor credit may prefer a pawnshop loan to avoid further credit checks that accompany a credit card application. In most cases, there is no compound interest on a pawnshop loan and all amounts are due in a single payment at the end, so there's no need to worry about making monthly payments like on a credit card.
Pawnshop vs Payday Loan
According to the Money Advice Service, the average APR can be up to 1,500% on a payday loan. While the FCA has limited the amount of interest and default fees a payday borrower can be charged, payday loans are still an expensive way to borrow. You could be made to pay up to £24 in fees and charges per £100 borrowed. Plus, missing a payment can mean an additional £15 default fee. Generally speaking, a pawnshop loan is cheaper than a payday loan.
How to Find a Pawnbroker?
If you're looking for a pawnbroker, you'll want to find one that is local to you and a member of the National Pawnbrokers' Association (NPA). NPA members follow a code of conduct, providing an additional level of comfort.
Both large chains and independent pawnbrokers operate throughout the UK. Some of the larger chains are H&T (over 180 stores), Cash Converters (over 200 stores), Albemarle & Bond (over 100 stores) and the Money Shop (hundreds of stores).