According to the latest data from the Office of National Statistics, the average UK household spends £3,312 on groceries and £1,716 on restaurants and takeaways every year. As a result, UK households spend 16% of their budgets on food and non-alcoholic drinks. Another 3% of budgets went to alcohol, which you can read more about in our related article Average Spending on Alcohol in the UK.
In this study we’ll show the breakdown of household home food budgets per week and per month across food categories, typical amounts spent eating out and finally how food & drink budgets change with income levels and family sizes. Food prices in the UK rose again last year, making this an important budget category.
Please note that these figures reflect average amounts actually spent according to the ONS survey, they are not recommendations about how much you should spend. Food spending varies a LOT from one household to another based on factors like income, size and makeup of the household, the food you buy and other factors. You can get a sense of this by viewing the poll results further down in the article.
- Food prices are rising, but by how much?
- How much do households spend on food?
- Grocery spending
- Restaurant and takeaway spending
- How is food spending different by income level?
Rise in Food Prices
Before we dig into the average spending on food in the following sections, we want to take a moment to address the recent rise in food prices because many households are feeling the pinch and facing larger food bills each week.
We've analysed recent data from the Office for National Statistics and found that food prices rose 4.5% in the 12 months from January 2021 to January 2022. Oils and fats rose the most, up a whopping 15.9%, followed by fruit (+6.9%) and milk, cheese and eggs (+5.7%). You can see more detail in the table below. Fresh, seasonal foods are generally up more than processed foods, which is perhaps not a surprise given supply chain issues could impact fresh food transport more.
And if you'd like even more detail (e.g. cost rises for individual items like flour, instant coffee, tomatoes, beef roasting joints, roasting chickens, etc.) please let us know in the comments section at the bottom and we can add those to the table as well. We're wary of adding too much detail, but it can be useful to know that tomatoes and instant coffee are up 10.5% in the past 12 months alone, for example.
|Rise in Food Prices (% change over 12 months)||January 2021 to January 2022|
|Food and Non-alcoholic Beverages||4.4%|
|Oils & fats||15.9%|
|Milk, cheese and eggs||5.7%|
|Vegetables (including potatoes and tubers)||4.5%|
|Processed food & non-alcoholic beverages||4.0%|
|Bread & cereals||3.6%|
|Sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery||2.2%|
|Coffee, tea & cocoa||4.9%|
|Alcoholic beverages and tobacco||3.3%|
|Mineral waters, soft drinks and juices||2.5%|
Poll: How is your household affected by rising food prices?
Participate in our new poll so we can see how rising prices are affecting real UK households. Let us know what changes, if any, you've had to make to your food buying and spending. Once you enter your answer (or answers—you can select multiple responses) the results will show so you can compare your experience to other people.
Average Food Costs
The average annual food cost for a typical UK household was around £5,028 in 2020 (based on the average 2.4 people per household), including £276 spent on non-alcoholic drinks. The average weekly food cost for the typical UK household is £97, up around 3% from 2019. (Note: for the purposes of this article, "food" includes non-alcoholic drinks but not alcoholic drinks.) Food cost as a percentage of the average UK household budget has remained steady for over fifteen years.
On average, we spend about two thirds of our food budget on meals and snacks prepared and eaten at home, and we spend one third of our food costs on eating out. That is, households spend on average £3,312 a year on food for home (about the same as the cost to run a car) and £1,716 on takeaways, restaurants, cafés, snacks, etc.
Average UK Food Spend, Annual and Weekly
|Per Person^||Per Household (avg. 2.4 people)|
|Weekly||Food at Home||£26.5||£64|
|Food Out (e.g., restaurants, take away, etc.)||£13.8||£33|
|Per Year||Food at Home||£1,380||£3,312|
|Food Out (e.g., restaurants, take away, etc.)||£715||£1,716|
^ Note, the 'per person' figure is averaged over men, women and children of all ages. Obviously, caloric needs vary. For example, a young, active man would have much higher caloric needs and would therefore spend more on food than, say, a typical woman or child. See more detail on foods costs by gender and age below.
If you're wondering how much households like yours spend on food each week or month, below we break down weekly and monthly food bills for households of different sizes, based on expected caloric needs of different ages and genders.
Average Food Costs per Week
- Per Person: The average weekly food shop is £26.5 per person in the UK—but clearly caloric needs vary by age and gender. When you add £13.8 spent on food prepared out (e.g., restaurants and takeaways), the average weekly food bill for 1 person is £40.3.
- Average Adult Man: The average adult male spends around £32 on groceries, £17 on food out and £49 altogether on food each week.
- Young, active adult man: A young, active adult man around 18 years of age whose caloric needs are 50% higher than the average person would theoretically spend around £60 a week on food (£40 οn groceries and £21 out).
- Average Adult Woman: The average adult female theoretically spends around £25 on groceries, £13 on food out and £37 altogether on food each week.
- Young, active adult woman: A young, active adult woman around 18 years of age whose caloric needs are 13% higher than the average person would theoretically spend around £46 a week on food (£30 οn groceries and £16 out).
- 2 Adults: The average weekly food bill for 2 adults would be around £86 in total—£57 spent on the weekly food shop and £29 spent on food out.
- Family of 3: The average weekly food bill for a family of 3 (two adults and one younger child) is around £119—£78 spent on the weekly food shop and £41 spent on food out.
- Family of 4: The typical family of 4 (two adults and 2 younger children) would spend around £151 each week on food—£99 on the weekly shop and £52 on restaurant and takeaway meals.
- Family of 5: Larger families of 5 (two adults and 3 younger children) spend around £121 on the weekly shop and another £63 on food prepared out, bringing the total average food bill for a family of 5 to £183.
- Family of 3 adults: Three adults (or two adults and one older teenager) would spend around £85 on groceries, £44 on food prepared out and £129 altogether on food each week, clearly with budget varying by the age and gender of the family members.
|Average Cost of Food per Week||Grocery Shopping||Eating Food Prepared Out||Total Food Bill|
|Young, active adult male||£39.8||£20.6||£60.4|
|Average adult male||£32.3||£16.7||£49.0|
|Young, active adult female||£30.1||£15.5||£45.6|
|Average adult female||£24.6||£12.7||£37.3|
|2 adults (1 man + 1 woman)||£56.8||£29.4||£86.3|
|2 adults + 1 child||£78.1||£40.5||£118.6|
|2 adults + 2 children||£99.4||£51.5||£150.9|
|2 adults + 3 children||£120.7||£62.5||£183.3|
Since so many of our readers are looking for ways to save money on food, we researched different ways to get free (or cheap) food, which you can read about here.
Poll: How Much do You Spend on Food Each Week?
Participate in our poll so we can see how much people really spend on food and drink each week. Give us your best guess as to the average per person weekly food spending in your household, based on your food budget (include both groceries, take aways and meals out). Once you enter your answer the results will show so you can compare your spending to what other people have said they spend on food.
Average Food Costs per Month
- Per Person: The average monthly food budget in the UK is £175 per person, of which £115 is spent on grocery shopping and £60 on food prepared out, such as takeaways and restaurant meals.
- Average Adult Man: The average adult male would spend around £140 on groceries, £72 on food out and £212 altogether on food each month.
- Young, active adult man: A young, active adult man around 18 years of age whose caloric needs are 50% higher than the average person would theoretically spend around £262 a month on food (£173 οn groceries and £89 out).
- Average Adult Woman: The average adult female would spend around £107 on groceries, £55 on food out and £162 altogether on food each month.
- Young, active adult woman: A young, active adult woman around 18 years of age whose caloric needs are 13% higher than the average person would theoretically spend around £198 a month on food (£130 οn groceries and £67 out).
- 2 Adults: The total food budget for 2 adults in the UK is twice this, or £374 per month—£246 on groceries and £128 on eating out.
- Family of 3 The average food bill for a family of 3 (with two adults and one younger child) in the UK is around £514 per month—£339 of which is spent grocery shopping and £175 on takeaways and restaurants, and other eating out.
- Family of 4: The average UK family of 4 (two adults and two younger children) spends £654 in total on food each month—£431 on grocery shopping bills and another £223 on food out.
- Family of 5: Larger families of 5 (two adults and 3 younger children) spend around £523 a month on groceries and another £271 on food prepared out, bringing the total average food bill for a family of 5 to around £794.
- Family of 3 adults: Three adults (or two adults and an older teenage child) would spend around £369 on groceries, £191 on food prepared out and £561 altogether on food each month, clearly with budget varying by the age and gender of the family members.
Please keep in mind these are theoretical figures base on expected caloric intake, using average per person figures as a starting point. We provide them to give a rough idea of what people typically spend. Your budget might (need to) be different.
|Average Cost of Food per Month||Grocery Shopping||Eating Food Prepared Out||Total Food Bill|
|Young, active adult male||£173||£89||£262|
|Average adult male||£140||£72||£212|
|Young, active adult female||£130||£67||£198|
|Average adult female||£107||£55||£162|
|2 adults (1 man + 1 woman)||£246||£128||£374|
|2 adults + 1 child||£339||£175||£514|
|2 adults + 2 children||£431||£223||£654|
|2 adults + 3 children||£523||£271||£794|
When deciding how much you should spend on food, it can help to know that a person’s average spend on food in the UK is £40.30 per week or £175 per month, including groceries, takeaways and restaurants. However food needs vary by age and gender and so will food budgets—for example, an active young man can burn 50% more calories than the average person and would therefore spend more on food. Food consumes around 19% of a typical household’s budget (more than we spend on housing!). Most people spend 2/3 of this food budget on groceries and the other 1/3 on eating food prepared out.
The average spend on food per person is £40.30 per week (£175 per month), including groceries and eating out—across all ages and genders. The average weekly food shop for 1 is £26.5 in the UK, plus we spend another £13.8 on eating out or ordering takeaways each week. But men consume more food and women less, so the average adult male spends around £49 a week (£212 a month) while women spend around £37 a week (£162 a month).
The average monthly food budget for 2 in the UK is £374; £246 of this is spent on groceries and £128 is spent on takeaways and restaurant meals. The average weekly shop for 2 adults in the UK costs £57.
The average monthly food budget for a family of 3 with two adults and one younger child under the age of 15 is £514; £339 of this is spent on groceries and £175 is spent on takeaways and restaurant meals. The average weekly shop for a family of 3 in the UK costs £78.
The average monthly food bill for a family of 4 in the UK is £654; £431 of this is spent on groceries and £223 is spent on food prepared out of the house. The average weekly grocery bill for a family of 4 in the UK is £99.
Average UK Household Budget for Food at Home is £3,312
We love our processed meat, the category that takes the biggest bite out of our household food budget. We spend a whopping 12% of our home food budget, or £385 a year, on sausages, bacon, ham and other processed meats. We spend a touch more on fresh fruit (£208/year, including £78 on berries alone) than we do on cakes, buns and biscuits (£213/year). We also spend more on fresh vegetables (£234/year) than we do on cakes and biscuits!
Non-alcoholic drinks is another large part of our food budget, consuming £276 a year, mostly on soft drinks. The categories that make up the largest proportions of the typical UK food budget at home would be familiar to most households. Keep in mind these are averages, so spending £0.30 a week on jam would be like buying one £0.90 jar of jam every three weeks, for example.
|Household Budget: Food at Home||Weekly Average||Annual Average|
|Bread, rice and cereals||£5.80||£302|
|Buns, cakes, biscuits, etc.||£4.10||£213|
|Other sauces, herbs, etc.||£2.80||£146|
|Potatoes and other tubers||£2.50||£130|
|Dried or frozen vegetables||£2.10||£109|
|Frozen, preserved & dried fruits and nuts||£1.60||£83|
|Butter, margarine, cooking oils, etc.||£1.50||£78|
|Bacon and ham||£0.80||£42|
|Edible ices and ice cream||£0.70||£36|
|Total Spend: Household Food at Home||£63.70||£3,312|
Average UK Household Budget for Food Outside the Home is £1,716
Dining out at restaurants and cafés eats up the largest piece of our out-of-house food budget, costing the average household £1,050 a year. Takeaways, snacks and other food out costs the average household £666 per year.
|Household Budget: Food Spend Outside the Home||Weekly Average||Annual Average|
|Restaurant and café meals||£20.2||£1,050|
|Take away meals eaten at home||£5.6||£291|
|Other take-away and snack food||£5.3||£276|
|Canteens & Catering||£1.9||£99|
|Total Spend: Household Food Outside the Home||£33.0||£1,716|
How Does Food & Drink Spending Vary across Income Groups?
The highest earning households with disposable (after-tax) incomes over £72,000 per year spend 3 times as much per year on food and alcoholic drinks compared to the lowest earning families with incomes under £11,650.
Relative to average, lower earning households spend a significant amount more of their food budget on processed meats and milk. The highest earning households spend a significant amount less than average on processed meats and more on fresh vegetables. Not surprisingly, the lowest income groups spend the highest proportion of their total household budget on food and drinks: 21%. We all need to eat and this budget area can only be cut so much. As a result, a higher percentage of disposable income must go towards the food budget for the lowest earners.
Wealthier families spend a greater proportion of their total food and drink budget—44%—on food and drink away from home, which includes restaurant meals and takeaways. Those on smaller budgets tend to save money by eating at home more, spending 75% of their food and drink budgets for consumption at home and only 25% of their food and drink budgets out at restaurants and on take aways.
In terms of actual spending, you can see how weekly food and drink budgets increase as disposable incomes rise. The wealthier dine out more, the budget-constricted eat at home more.
To calculate food costs per person and for different household sizes, we had to take into account the different caloric needs of people of different ages and genders. For example, a young, active male would burn around 3,200 worth of food a day while a typical 5-year-old child would burn just 1,400 a day. And the more food you eat, the more it costs you.
To estimate these figures, we first calculated the weighted average caloric needs of the UK population, and divided the average spending for a household by the average number of people in a household (2.4) to get a per (average) person food budget. Then we tweaked this average 'per person' number to reflect the caloric needs of different ages and genders. We multiplied these per-person figures by the relevant caloric needs and added up the people in a household to find the budget for different families. See below for an example of our calculations. Calorie need figures were sourced here.
|Average caloric needs||Difference from average||Weekly food shop||Weekly cost of food prepared out||Average food costs per week|
|Adult Male (age 16+)||2,586||22%||£32.3||£16.7||£48.96|
|Young, active male||3,200||50%||£39.8||£20.6||£60.44|
|Adult Female (Age 16+)||1,971||-7%||£24.6||£12.7||£37.33|
|Young, active female||2,400||13%||£30.1||£15.5||£45.58|
|Child (ages 2 - 15)||1,707||-20%||£21.3||£11.0||£32.33|
While this attempts to take into account different food needs for family members of different ages and genders, please keep in mind that these are estimates. And the calculations don't take into account savings that larger families can achieve by buying in bulk, or that some families are a lot more budget conscious than others. If you have people in your family who eat less (e.g., a really small child) or are an efficient shopper who is careful with prices and takes advantage of sales or buying in bulk (e.g., to feed a large family) then keep this in mind when comparing your own spending to the figures presented here.
Cheap Eats: How to Save on Food
Whatever your food budget, you can probably borrow some tips from thrifty households to reduce costs down even further. Try to work these methods into your family’s food plan.
1. Cook at home
It does take more time, but cooking and eating at home can save loads of money over the long run. Consider that the actual cost of food for a restaurant meal is less than a third of what you pay for it. The rest of the money you spend at a restaurant goes to other costs like labor and overhead. If you cook at home, you only pay the food cost, and pocket the rest. Team up with your partner, child or a friend to create great food and memories.
2. Stock up on staples
Buy big. Packages, that is. Stores usually charge less per unit (kg, litre, etc.) when you buy more at a time. This means that a 2 kg bag of rice will cost less per kilo than a 0.5 kg bag of rice. If you live near a warehouse store like Costco, consider becoming a member. There you'll have a better chance of finding the largest food packages (e.g., American sizes).
3. Swap pricey proteins or goods for cheaper ones
Ground beef costs less per pound than steaks. Chicken thighs cost less than chicken breasts (and are juicier!). Include lots of dried beans into your meals to add protein and fill your family. Be on the look out for discounted food that the grocery store needs to sell that day due to an impending expiration date—just be sure to cook it ASAP!
Another way to reduce your food budget is by taking a look at your nonalcoholic beverages spend. The average UK family spends a whopping 8% of their at-home food budget on coffee, tea, juices, mineral/sparkling water and sodas. While we'd never suggest eliminating your daily cuppa (coffee and tea aren't the budget problem anyway), there is really no room for soda, juice and fancy water in a tight budget. We have two words for you: tap water.
If you don't like the taste of the life-saving liquid that flows plentifully from your tap, try squeezing in some lemon or boiling it into tea. We try to keep a pitcher of homemade iced herbal tea in the fridge—tastes great, cheap and has no sugar or sugar substitutes. Buying cappuccino at chains like Starbucks or Costa everyday, while convenient, can easily total £1,000 a year, based on our calculations. Instant coffee with a dash of cinnamon or chocolate on top is an easy and impressive alternative.
Food and drink may be necessary for life, but a few small tweaks can help you spend less on them.
In addition to the steps above, if you're struggling with the budget it can be handy to have a deep dive into your current household spending. People are often surprised when they run the numbers over a month and realise how much they spend on expensive food items like takeaways or coffee-shop coffee. For example, spending £40 on a weekly pizza takeaway, including soda and appetizers, adds up to over £2,000 a year! Popping a few frozen grocery store pizzas in the oven will cost less than half the price.
To understand your food spending you can sit down with pen and paper and go through your bank statements and credit card bills once a month. Alternatively, there are a number of handy tech resources at our disposal these days.
For example, Money Dashboard is a personal finance app where you can easily view all your accounts and track your spending by category—they have separate pre-set categories including 'groceries' and 'food & drink', which tracks money spent eating out. Money Dashboard is rated 4.9 out of 5 stars by existing customers and is free to use. Budgeting apps like this (there are a number of others in the market, including Emma and Plum) can be a great resource if you're watching your spending.
Comparing Food Spend to Other Areas of the Budget
While food is clearly a large budget item, there are a few categories that take an even larger bite of the average annual household budget. The average UK household also spends over £4,750 on transportation costs (including related insurance) and a whopping £10,600 on all things housing. Our largest utility cost is gas and electricity. The average UK household spent another £1,360 per year on gas and electricity in 2019. The cost to light, heat and run our homes accounts for close to 5% of our household budgets each year.
If your household buys in bulk to save money and keeps a large store of food in the freezer, especially expensive items like meat, you might want to check your home insurance policy to see if freezer contents are covered. Policies that include freezer food will reimburse you up to a certain amount (e.g., £1,000) if, for instance, you lose the contents of your freezer due to an electrical failure or your freezer breaking down.
Note: Updated in March 2021 to reflect the most recent 2020 Living Costs and Food Survey from the ONS.