Average Household Debt in the UK

The average household consumer debt in the UK has reached £7,854—plus households owe another £4,912 in student loans and £51,241 for mortgages. By combining data from the Office of National Statistics and the Bank of England we were able to look beyond these figures, to identify trends in debt levels and understand how debt levels change across different demographics like age and gender.

UK Household Debt: Key Findings 2019
Average household credit card balances£2,620
Average student loans per household£4,912
Average personal loans, etc. per household£5,233
Average mortgage debt per Household£51,241
Average mortgage debt per household of households with a mortgage£126,008

Average Household Debt by Category

As of March 2019, average total UK household debt was around £64,000—an increase of 17% over five years. Credit card debt is up 20% from 2014 levels, having reached an all-time high of £2,662 per household in December 2019. To calculate these measures, we analyzed debt data from the Bank of England and population data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) for the most reliable measure of consumer indebtedness in the country.

Mortgage (all households)Mortgage (households with a mortgage)Personal loans, car loans, etc.Student loansCredit card balances
2019£51,241£126,008£5,233£4,912£2,620
2018£50,286£125,910£5,142£4,449£2,599
2017£49,503£125,469£4,875£3,897£2,520
2016£48,278£126,453£4,486£3,370£2,406
2015£46,981£127,423£4,194£2,871£2,301
2014£46,673£129,111£3,925£2,482£2,179
2013£46,090£130,076£3,793£2,128£2,110
2012£45,684£133,694£3,865£1,841£2,083
2011£45,422£137,149£4,124£1,626£2,169
2010£45,574£139,259£4,566£1,433£2,288
2009£45,586£142,183£5,077£1,273£2,014

Most of a UK household's debt is home loans, if they have a mortgage. While the average UK mortgage debt per household is calculated to be around £51,000 (dividing all UK mortgage debt by the total number of UK households), households with a mortgage owe £126,00 on average (because not everyone has a mortgage).

Of non-mortgage lending, 21% of lending is in the form of credit card balances, 38% is student loans and 41% are other personal loans. Below, you can see how debt levels continue to rise for UK households—we've analysed debt levels including mortgages, and also debt levels without mortgages.

Graph showing the rise in UK household debt 2009- 2019
UK household debt including mortgages
Graph showing the rise in unsecured UK household debt 2009- 2019
UK household debt excluding mortgages

Average Mortgage

While the average home loan per UK household is about £51,655, this number is a bit misleading since it muddles up those with a mortgage and those without. We think it's more useful to consider the average home loan per household, of the households that have a mortgage. According to the ONS 36.2% of households carry a mortgage. When analyzed in this way, the average home loan per (mortgaged) UK household is £142,183. Households with a mortgage carry 13% more home debt now than ten years ago.

Outstanding Mortgage for UK Households with a Home Loan
2009£126,008
2010£125,910
2011£125,469
2012£126,453
2013£127,423
2014£129,111
2015£130,076
2016£133,694
2017£137,149
2018£139,259
2019£142,183
A graph showing the growth of home loans in the UK from 2009 until 2019
Growth in Outstanding Home Loans in the UK

Average Personal Loans

The average personal loans per household in the UK was roughly £5,233 as of March 2019 excluding student loans (or £10,145 including student loans). This figure includes loans like personal installment loans, home renovation loans, and auto loans. Somewhat like credit cards, personal loans have been a popular way of financing one’s needs in recent years. As you can see in the chart below, there's been a rapid rise in education loans over the past ten years—nearly a 4-fold increase.

A graph showing the growth in personal loans per UK household from 2006 until 2016
Growth in Personal Loans for UK Households

Average Credit Card Debt

The mean credit card debt of UK households is approximately £2,626, according to the most recent data from the Bank of England and the Office for National Statistics. This information comes from data collected up through August 2019. The "mean amount of credit card debt" considers balances that individuals above the age of 18 have on average, throughout the year. Credit card balances left on credit builder cards can be especially problematic due to higher interest rates.

Average Credit Card Debt per Household
2009£2,014
2010£2,288
2011£2,169
2012£2,083
2013£2,110
2014£2,179
2015£2,301
2016£2,406
2017£2,520
2018£2,599
2019£2,626
A graph showing the growth of credit card debt per household in the UK from 2009 until 2019
Outstanding Credit Card Debt per UK Household

Average Debt across Demographics

Average debt can vary significantly across different demographics in the UK, for instance by income, age, and gender. We have analyzed some of the debt data from the most recent Wealth and Assets Survey and other datasets from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) so you can see trends and differences across these segments. For the purposes of this analysis, "average debt" refers to unsecured financial liabilities like credit card debt and personal loans, and does not include secured debt, e.g., mortgages. In the following sections we explore these differences to see how average debt varies among the population.

Average Debt by Income

The greater the household income, the higher the outstanding debt. Individuals in the highest annual income decile (above the 90th percentile), had a median of £7,200 in financial liabilities debt—over 5x as much as households making the least. Similarly, those with higher incomes are able to afford a larger mortgage.

Income DecileIncome per Adult^Median Financial Liabilities (excl. mortgage)Median Mortgage Debt
1£10,000£1,400£59,000
2£14,900£1,800£53,000
3£18,500£2,000£65,000
4£21,500£3,000£67,000
5£24,900£3,600£70,000
6£28,500£4,800£80,000
7£32,600£6,100£80,000
8£38,100£6,400£100,000
9£46,500£7,000£100,500
10£67,600£7,200£167,700
Average£4,000£90,000
Note: median values only include households that have a mortgage or other financial liabilities
^Median net equivalised income is the "median of total income of all households, after tax and other deductions, that is available for spending or saving, divided by the number of household members converted into equivalised adults"

Average Debt by Age

Median debt levels (excluding mortgages) peak for households where the reference person is between 18 and 34 years old—this age group has an average non-mortgage household debt level of £10,400 and a median debt level of £4,800 (in other words, half of the indebted households in the 18 to 34 age bracket have at least £4,800 of debt).

Households over 65 years old held the least debt, as you can see below. Notice how much more debt the 25 to 34 age bracket owes than average (12% more) and how little debt the over 65 age bracket owes relative to the average (40% less).

Financial Debt by AgeMedianMeanPercent Over/Under the Average
18 to 34£4,800£10,40012%
35 to 44£4,800£9,3000%
45 to 54£4,100£9,9006%
55 to 64£4,100£9,8005%
65 to 74£2,000£5,600-40%
75 and older£1,300£4,400-53%
All£4,000£9,300
A graph showing the average debt by age in the UK
Who Carries More Personal Debt?

Average Debt by Gender

Men carry significantly more personal debt then their female counterparts. The mean personal financial debt (excluding mortgages) held by men is £2,800, whereas women tend to hold 36% less with an average of only £1,800. Men and women are equally likely to have any financial liabilities at all—35% for both genders. Debt to income ratios hold quite steady between men and women also at 0.16 and 0.15, respectively.

Personal (non-mortgage) Debt levels by Gender
Women£1,800
Men£2,800
A graph showing the median financial liabilities of men vs. women
Who Carries More Personal Debt: Men vs. Women

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